Are you ripped? Do you need to work on your abs? Do you know your ideal body weight? Your body fat index? Increasingly, Americans are being sold on a fitness ideal — not just thin but toned, not just muscular but cut — that is harder and harder to reach. In Body Panic, Shari L. Dworkin and Faye Linda Wachs ask why. How did these particular body types come to be “fit”? And how is it that having an unfit, or “bad,” body gets conflated with being an unfit, or “bad,” citizen? Dworkin and Wachs head to the newsstand for this study, examining ten years worth of men’s and women’s health and fitness magazines to determine the ways in which bodies are “made” in today’s culture. They dissect the images, the workouts, and the ideology being sold, as well as the contemporary links among health, morality, citizenship, and identity that can be read on these pages. While women and body image are often studied together, Body Panic considers both women’s and men’s bodies side-by-side and over time in order to offer a more in-depth understanding of this pervasive cultural trend.
In this groundbreaking anthology of essays on sport, experts from a variety of disciplines analyze power relations, especially as they are constructed along the axes of gender, race, class, and sexuality.The volume begins with an insightful introduction by the editors that provides theoretical frameworks and analytical tools for reading sport. The selections that follow critically examine how the complexities and intersections of power are reflected in particular high-profile incidents and celebrity athletes. Included are such figures as Dennis Rodman, Nolan Ryan, Michael Jordan, Nancy Lopez, O.J. Simpson, Renee Richards, Cal Ripken, Jr., Nancy Kerrigan, and Tonya Harding.Taken together, the essays demonstrate that sports events and personalities exist within broader cultural, economic, historical, and political realms. The work makes a valuable and timely contribution to the emerging field of sport study and sets the stage for further discussions of power and representation.
This classic anthology analyzes the sociological implications of sports in modern society through a series of interesting and informative essays. Sport in Contemporary Society can be used in a variety of ways, as a primary text for courses in the sociology of sport, as a supplementary text for a sociology course, or even for general readers who wish to deepen their understanding and appreciation of sport. 35 articles, 21 new to this edition, are included.
Objectification is a foundational concept in feminist theory, used to analyze such disparate social phenomena as sex work, representation of women's bodies, and sexual harassment. In this work, Cahill argues that the notion should be abandoned by feminist theorists due to its reliance on outdated philosophical assumptions, such as the centrality of autonomy and rationality to both subjectivity and ethics. Instead, she suggests working towards an ethics of sexuality based upon the recognition of difference.
Exploring the more sophisticated and nuanced perspective in the era of sports dominance in America, athletics have become both a metaphor and reality of American masculinity. Edited by three of the leading scholars at the intersection of masculinity and sports studies, this volume offers a fascinating articulation on the state of athletics in modern society. Each part of this volume examines a significant arena and tackles some of the most deeply rooted issues within the field of sports. From the mechanisms by which masculinity is interwoven into sports, to the violence encoded within the field, this book provides an insiders look at the state of gender relations being contested and transformed.
Athletic contests help define what we mean in America by "success." By keeping women from "playing with the boys" on the false assumption that they are inherently inferior, society relegates them to second-class citizens. In this forcefully argued book, Eileen McDonagh and Laura Pappano show in vivid detail how women have been unfairly excluded from participating in sports on an equal footing with men. Using dozens of powerful examples--girls and women breaking through in football, ice hockey, wrestling, and baseball, to name just a few--the authors show that sex differences are not sufficient to warrant exclusion in most sports, that success entails more than brute strength, and that sex segregation in sports does not simply reflect sex differences, but actively constructs and reinforces stereotypes about sex differences. For instance, women's bodies give them a physiological advantage in endurance sports, yet many Olympic events have shorter races for women than men, thereby camouflaging rather than revealing women's strengths.
In today's world, people's perceptions of various individuals, countries, races, genders, schools, and even companies are often affected by the sports they watch, read about, or listen to. The impact of sport on these perceptions is covered extensively in Contemporary Issues in Sociology of Sport.This text provides some of the best contemporary writing and research on the sociology of sport. The text is organized into 12 learning units and includes 34 articles from writers and researchers with varied backgrounds. Introductions are provided for each of the units. They include brief summaries of the articles that follow and probing study questions that challenge the reader to think critically ...
Interested in the nexus between sport, gender, and language, Sport, Rhetoric, and Gender: Historical Perspectives and Media Representations contains 21 wide-ranging chapters examining sport vis-à-vis the language surrounding and incorporated by it in the world arena.
In an era characterized by news that caters to extreme ends of the political spectrum, sporting events are one of the last refuges to which people of divergent viewpoints can turn. In the days and weeks following a national tragedy, columnists frequently write about how the tragedy has affected the sports world, and how, in turn, particular sporting events have affected the American people as they cope with adversity, loss, and grief; in the process, these columnists often reveal their own definitions of tragedy and being American. In Sports in the Aftermath of Tragedy: From Kennedy to Katrina, Michael Gavin explores how columnists have written about sports’ role in the national recovery f...